CHILD ABUSE: LITERATURE REVIEW

Published: 2021-07-06 06:43:08
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INTRODUCTIONAccording to Child Help (2015), in recent world, children are encountering the profound suffering because of an unraveled epidemic of neglecting and child abuse practices. This phenomenon has turned into global war and society can halt the disgusting practices of child abusing by paying careful attention in developing profound comprehension toward the issue. It is imperative to spread a full awareness about the nature of child abusing and what are its types to address the severity of the offense. The following literature review elaborates different aspects of the problem and also highlights its impact.LITERATURE REVIEWChild AbuseChild abuse can be defined as an act of any adult which causes severe emotional and physical damage to a child. (Lines, 2015) such abusing could be a result of the negligence of a caretaker adult person which fails to protect the child in custody and therefore evokes the peril such harms. (Medline Plus, 2017) According to legal statutes of The United States; implications regarding child abusing vary from states to states. However, Lines (2015) says that the summation of issues asserts that child abuse can take place in shape of any negligence, physical, mental, emotional or sexual harm and can be referred as maltreatment of psychological and physical factors. Human trafficking is also a branch of child abuse and according to Texas Department of Family and Protective Services, it as a particular form of child abuse. (Texas Department of Family and Protective Services, 2018) Moreover, the same department implicates the meanings of the term “sex trafficking” through which a custodian or parent gets money to enforcing a child and minor to involve in sexual business.Effects of Child AbuseChild abusing is an abhorrent practice and can impact a child in several ways including physically, psychologically as well as behaviorally. Experiencing child abuse can pose myriad of effects on a kid even when they grew up, the aftermaths remain. Apparent effects could be scrapes, bruises, broken bones, sprains and burn marks and welts. The victim child may feel hindrance in walking and sitting etcetera. Moreover, blood spots or stained and ripped clothes also refered to a possible case of child abuse. (Joyful Heart Foundation, 2018) On the other hand, the psychological impacts of child abusing and negligence are much long-lasting than physical ones. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2016), about eighty percents of young adults which have confronted abusing incidents are diagnosed with psychiatric impairment by they come to the age of 21. Such disorders, in turn, cater anxiety, depression different eating disorders and sometimes the surge is so intense that young adult attempts to take their lives.Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2016) also affirms that such victims of child abuse become vulnerable by growing age and it reduces their learning potential and attention power as well. The victims of negligence and child abuse become behaviorally spoiled, and many of them demonstrate a tendency toward alcoholism, drug usage and smoking moreover in due course their sexual activities too, become risk-filled.Preventive and Protective Measures for Child Abuse To control and prevent the harmful practices of child abuse and negligence it is imperative to devise public awareness programs on the subject. (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2013) It is recommended that through such programs inform the parents, custodians, and caregivers as well as children about the ups and downs of child abuse along with an understanding of its psychological, physical and behavioral harms. Besides prevention, it is also significant to develop a warm and trustworthy relationship among family members so a child could openly discuss any harmful or perilous activity with their parents or siblings with confidence. (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2013)CONCLUSIONBy analyzing above given content, it becomes evident that child abuse and negligence is a dark side of society and could pose irreversible damages to a child’s physical, psychological and behavioral life. It is indispensable to implement suitable preventive and protective measures to evade the peril of such evil.ReferenceCenters for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016, April 05). Child Abuse and Neglect: Consequences.https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/childmaltreatment/consequences.htmlChild help. (2015). Child Abuse Statistics. https://www.childhelp.org/child-abuse-statistics/Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2013, July). What Is Child Abuse and Neglect? Recognizing the Signs and Symptoms. https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/whatiscan.pdfChild Welfare Information Gateway. (2013, July). Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect. https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/preventingcan.pdfJoyful Heart Foundation. (2018). Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect. http://www.joyfulheartfoundation.org/learn/child-abuse-neglect/effects-child-abuse-neglectLines, D. (2015, August). Child Abuse. https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/child-abuse.htmlMedlinePlus. (2017, July 19). Child Abuse. https://medlineplus.gov/childabuse.htmlTexas Department of Family and Protective Services. (2018). How does the DFPS define abuse and neglect? https://www.dfps.state.tx.us/Training/Reporting/recognizing.asp

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