Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Essay

Published: 2021-07-06 06:37:45
essay essay

Category: Economics

Type of paper: Essay

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Hey! We can write a custom essay for you.

All possible types of assignments. Written by academics

GET MY ESSAY
Economic communities and the media often measure economic performance using Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Economists have for a long time equated national development with growth because they consider closing the significant per capita income gaps between different nations. Despite the considerable changes in the economic landscape within the first fifteen years of the new millennium, the national income gap has continually remained a significant challenge. However, some nations, including those with huge populations, the citizens have not been able to equate an increase in their nation’s GDP to an improvement in their wellbeing. However, this has led to a dilemma on the possibility to measure people’s welfare or whether it is all impressions and perceptions. Empirical researchers thus emerged with the argument that in a bid to offer a critical incentive, there was a need for formulation of concepts that not only measure gross domestic product but also measures for tracking the progress. Therefore, besides GDP, this paper aims to explore other measures of economic growth within an economy.Over the previous periods, GDP was a critical indicator for describing economic growth and development. However, this system has no regard for the people’s welfare and the environment. Thus, this limitation shows the importance of introducing other indicators for monitoring environmental and social progress. In a broader perspective, the new system aims to measure how the society is tackling issues related to inclusiveness and safeguarding the welfare of the current generation without putting a compromise to the ability of the future generation to realise their goals and needs. Moreover, Gross Domestic Income only measures income produced within an economy but does not consider receipts from overseas. This is a critical issue considering the possibility of international cash transfers. For instance, Ireland transfers 15% of its primary income abroad. This income only benefits foreigners and not the citizens.As a result of these limitations, economists introduced the Genuine Progress Indicator to replace the GDP. It analyses the positives and negatives that characterise economic growth and development. In essence, the GPI provides policymakers with a critically accurate measure of an economy’s overall health.The countries with significantly high levels of Gross Domestic Product are considered to be leading regarding overall economic activities. However, this does not directly correlate with citizens’. For example, the United States is among the countries with high GDP ratio across the globe. However, its GDP includes other activities that destroy the natural environment as well as human life. The situation is similar to China, which features as the leading emitter of toxic CO2 across the globe. Although the activities contribute to high GDP levels in China, the Chinese have to contend with demerits such as working and living in a polluted environment.Thus, besides GPI, the United Nations formulated Human Development Index (HDI) to supplement the GDP index. This index considers a country’s GDP and adds other components that measure human development such as decent living, knowledge and longevity. Thus it is likely to realise that the states that had the highest levels of GDP rank lower in HDI indices. For example, although the United States ranks high regarding GDP figures, Norway leads regarding HDI indicators. This is attributable to longer life expectancy in Norway than in the United States. Therefore, despite the fact that GDP is a critical tool for measuring the economic progress of an economy, it has critical limitations that require being supplemented using other indicators such as GPI and HDI.Economic communities and the media often measure economic performance using Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Economists have for a long time equated national development with growth because they consider closing the significant per capita income gaps between different nations. Despite the considerable changes in the economic landscape within the first fifteen years of the new millennium, the national income gap has continually remained a significant challenge. However, some nations, including those with huge populations, the citizens have not been able to equate an increase in their nation’s GDP to an improvement in their wellbeing. However, this has led to a dilemma on the possibility to measure people’s welfare or whether it is all impressions and perceptions. Empirical researchers thus emerged with the argument that in a bid to offer a critical incentive, there was a need for formulation of concepts that not only measure gross domestic product but also measures for tracking the progress. Therefore, besides GDP, this paper aims to explore other measures of economic growth within an economy.Over the previous periods, GDP was a critical indicator for describing economic growth and development. However, this system has no regard for the people’s welfare and the environment. Thus, this limitation shows the importance of introducing other indicators for monitoring environmental and social progress. In a broader perspective, the new system aims to measure how the society is tackling issues related to inclusiveness and safeguarding the welfare of the current generation without putting a compromise to the ability of the future generation to realise their goals and needs. Moreover, Gross Domestic Income only measures income produced within an economy but does not consider receipts from overseas. This is a critical issue considering the possibility of international cash transfers. For instance, Ireland transfers 15% of its primary income abroad. This income only benefits foreigners and not the citizens.As a result of these limitations, economists introduced the Genuine Progress Indicator to replace the GDP. It analyses the positives and negatives that characterise economic growth and development. In essence, the GPI provides policymakers with a critically accurate measure of an economy’s overall health.The countries with significantly high levels of Gross Domestic Product are considered to be leading regarding overall economic activities. However, this does not directly correlate with citizens’. For example, the United States is among the countries with high GDP ratio across the globe. However, its GDP includes other activities that destroy the natural environment as well as human life. The situation is similar to China, which features as the leading emitter of toxic CO2 across the globe. Although the activities contribute to high GDP levels in China, the Chinese have to contend with demerits such as working and living in a polluted environment.Thus, besides GPI, the United Nations formulated Human Development Index (HDI) to supplement the GDP index. This index considers a country’s GDP and adds other components that measure human development such as decent living, knowledge and longevity. Thus it is likely to realise that the states that had the highest levels of GDP rank lower in HDI indices. For example, although the United States ranks high regarding GDP figures, Norway leads regarding HDI indicators. This is attributable to longer life expectancy in Norway than in the United States. Therefore, despite the fact that GDP is a critical tool for measuring the economic progress of an economy, it has critical limitations that require being supplemented using other indicators such as GPI and HDI.

Warning! This essay is not original. Get 100% unique essay within 45 seconds!

GET UNIQUE ESSAY

We can write your paper just for 11.99$

i want to copy...

This essay has been submitted by a student and contain not unique content

People also read