Shoplifting is a crime that at times ends up un-noticed by the law enhancement firms. Regardless of the criminal activity causes detrimental effects to the victims, there appears to be less recognition concerning the activity. For the individuals who are the actors in this area, they tend to contemplate that the practice is virtuous for them. In addition, people tend to reason that it is not offensive to possess another person’s material goods without his or her consent. First, robberies with violence or activities that involve violent activities are treated as threat to the well-being of humans. Shoplifting is defined as the unlawful stealing or picking of an item from a particular store without adhering to the preset process for acquiring the merchandise. It is deemed that for an individual to be subject to shoplifting, he or she must have the intent to do the action. Studies show that people caught up with the cases of shoplifting have the knowledge that they are aiming to deprive the owner of the property off his or her merchandise. Many occasions are explained where shoplifting involves individuals concealing the property under the garments, purse, bags, pockets and other opening that fit the stolen goods. Compared with data ranging from January to June 2016 and a similar period in 2017, the percentage decrease is accrued as 2.9 percent. The figure denotes a positive score, which shows that people are enlightened on the negative consequence associated with committing the crime.Although, huge percentage of shoplifters is amateur, there is a growing number of citizens who turn shoplifting as primary source of income. It is arguable that large numbers of amateur are highly skilled and tend to rob from stores on daily basis. However, from a research published by the FBI, the level is shoplifting cases have declined significantly (FBI, 2017). According to the data by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), larceny-theft is defined as the illegal handling, leading, taking, or riding of a commodity from the constructive possession to another. Such cases include swiping of a person’s laptop, pickpocketing, shoplifting goods from store, and stealing of bicycles. The report from the FBI claims that larceny covers all theft that does not involve force, fraud, or violence. The concept enables to deduce shoplifting as one of the criminal activities against the well-being of human beings.Age Group And Reasons Behind ShopliftingShoplifting is associated with the lack of proper surveillance. The result makes it hard for the security personnel to detect whether an individual is a potential shoplifter or a normal customer. As contrasted by other force-characterized form of theft, shoplifting does not involve force. Children appear to have great chances of conducting the crime compared to age groups. One of the reasons behind this is the notion that children are rarely inspected. Security personnel stationed at storefronts tend to assume children are casual buyers. In addition, workers in the stores perceive children as innocent and once without the consent of picking things other than ordered to do. Children are more vulnerable to conduct shoplifting as a result of incitement from the adults. However, it is important to note that shoplifting between men and women have similar results.There exist a number of reasons as to why individual are engaged on shoplifting. The main causes range from need to quench drug addiction to poverty. The need for money to cater for drugs remains one of the reason that people are engaged in shoplifting. People tend to think that it is a valuable source of quick income and that it would satisfy the immediate need for drugs. It is thought that the type of crime has a positive effect towards facilitating drug trade. The items picked from the store are used in exchange for drugs, which is the ultimate need for some people. Consequently, poverty level forces people to look for cheaper means of survival. Shoplifting proves as an easier source of income of material property. People are forced to shoplift to either barter what they succeddfully steal from a store or spend directly to cater for the personal needs. Furthermore, premises that offer self-service act as facilitators of shoplifting. People develop the desire to own the displayed property regardless of the lack of monetary possession for exchange. Shops ought to display the prepackaged goods behind the counters since this would drive away the urge for people to steal. When a commodity is easily accessible by the customer, the likelihood of the client to hide the product under the garments in higher. In addition, mental disorders are also a reason behind the increased cases of shoplifting. The act of stealing without the full consent of the person involved is known as kleptomania. Research shows that five percent of shoplifting incidences are associated with mental health disorders. Other reasons associated with shoplifting are the low fines (compared to other types of theft). The negligible fines make people find shoplifting more flexible in terms of punishment rather than force involvement theft. Also, there exist chances for the victims to plead feigning forgetfulness other related excuses like the willingness to purchase the product unemployment accounts for a larger portion of cases related to larceny. Higher unemployment rates are associated with a significant rise in theft cases. Nevertheless, the lengths of period that people remain unemployed have proved to have an equal and negative influence to the rate of theft. Individuals are characterized to endure short periods of economic hardship, but when the period is extended, the chances of turning in to theft as an alternative are high.Ways of fighting shoplifting casesThere are possible means that can be applied by retailers to fight incidences that might lead to losses in the firms. Employment of a prevention officer is a considerable idea that firms can use. The officer act as a security force aimed at protecting the property of the employer (Manley, 2003). The officers can also have privileges such as possession of weapons, arrest of suspects, and use physical force in incidences that demand force. However, during the search period, the officers are inclined to follow the law as the activity might threaten their employment as well as the business. The camera as important since they help track the entrance, receipt check, and monitor the exit of a customer.Retailers might opt to use surveillance security cameras. The integration of the technology in the retail outlets would enhance passive monitoring of the activities going on in the premises in real time. With the awareness of presence of camera recording the movements of the customers, there might be minima incidences of theft. For instance, retailers demonstrate having utilized $2.83 billion is ensuring the safety of the stores is maintained (Levy, 2013). The income translates to the money spent combatting theft incidences other than use the income to develop other infrastructure.Moreover, firms should ensure that products that are easily movable are not positioned at the storefronts where customers can reach easily. This translates to items that demand a lot of money and which might need displayed where everyone can easily see. Firms can also employ the use of personal policies to make sure that the activities of customers are monitored during the purchase period. The concept includes employment of workers who would act as agent to monitor sensitive areas such as fitting rooms. The employees then present the feedback to the management. Proper training is necessary to enable workers understand their responsibilities. With the understanding of what a worker is required to do, he or she acts as a reliable source of information concerning the performance of customers.There is a need for people to be made aware of the dangers associated with shoplifting. The shoplifters also should be treated with consideration of the state of mental well ness. Individuals pretending of being mentally challenged should be treated in accordance to the set rules. In addition, parents found manipulating or taking advantage of children to conduct illegal practice must be subjected to the laws and regulations. It should be noted that committing shoplifting does not necessitate moving the merchandise outside a premise. For instance, a person is considered having conducted larceny due to alteration of the price tags, packaging to avoid payments, storing the products in different containers and manipulating the merchandise.ReferencesBlog, A. (2011, July 1). Why do people shoplift? Top 10 reasons. Retrieved March 04, 2018, from http://drug.addictionblog.org/why-do-people-shoplift-top-10-reasons/Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2005a). Drugs and Crime Facts. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2017). Uniform Crime Reports 2017.Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.Levy, Michael, Barton Weitz, Dhruv Grewal. Retailing Management, 9th Edition. McGraw-Hill Learning Solutions, 11/2013. VitalBook file.Manley, Anthony D. Retail Loss Prevention Officer, The: The Fundamental Elements of Retail Security and Safety. Pearson Learning Solutions, 9/2003. VitalBook file.