Victimization and Its Theories

Published: 2021-07-06 06:35:51
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Category: Criminology

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Victimization is a procedure that can happen whenever, at wherever, and absolutely with no notice. In the majority cases, instances of exploitation, casualties now observed as people who somehow, intentionally or accidentally, latently or effectively, impacted their exploitation. For the victimization process, this concept is further divided into four different theories that define victimization in different ways. These theories are as follows:Victim Precipitation TheoryVon Hentig presented this theory in 1941. In his theory he has denied the victimization as a process of active and passive result crime is offended. He also defines that by acting in certain inflammatory ways, some personalities initiate a chain of events that tip to their discrimination. According to Von Hentig, this theory is mostly applied to the victim of rape because of active and passive assumptions in the minds or pleasing one think by some actions are pre-actions. In his theory, he has defended the victimization in two way, active or passive. Inactive, criminal attack with his consents and assumptions. In passive, victim dress up in a way that criminal cross it limits and offend a crime.Lifestyle TheoryIn this theory, the writer has described the basis of all crime, and it has defined that the basis of all crime is the people lifestyle or the routine they followed, in this theory, he also defines that the crime cannot be offended until unless a person has excess over its needs. Because, if people are living in poverty they will not commence any crime until they can’t find the surrounding full of excessive needs people have. The most of the research in this theory applied to the rape victims.Routine Active theoryIn this theory, the writer has blamed the society for victimization. In this theory, he has considered the person itself as a reason for victimization. Some reason that has been considering the writer is, the valuable thing, going towards an uncertain place or living in a high crime rate can cause this type of activities. These all causes may cause the routine victimization in a society.Deviant Place TheoryThis theory has the same concept as the routine active theory, the main difference between both of them is the difference between the routine activates and routine crime. In this theory the criminal offense due to the high crime rate in a society where people can’t stop themselves from victimized. In this theory, the main concept is that the people are living in a society that can have a high level of crime which indirectly cause the victimization in between the people.Best of All:The best theories that have found all the characteristics are the victim perception theory, which includes all the acts of victimization and proves itself comprehensive though both the sides. All other theories are from the criminal side, but the victim perception theory covers all aspects.Psychological Theory of victimization:The one case above all the theories which not included in the psychology of a person, which forces them to do the crime even they are not willing to commence a crime, but they do because of their physiology. If a person has no thoughts in itself for a crime, he will never do the crime until he did not think about it. This theory covers the all above theories conceits and differentiates all the theories by the thought s of one person.

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